目录
前言

标注说明

第一部分 日常必需单词

01 称谓..................................................................................2

◎你我他 ..........................................................................2

◎家庭成员 ......................................................................3

◎各种职业 ......................................................................5

02 数字..................................................................................6

◎基本数字 ......................................................................6

◎个数 ..............................................................................9

◎次序 ............................................................................10

◎人数 ............................................................................11

◎次数 ............................................................................12

◎金钱 ............................................................................13

◎分数 ............................................................................14

◎年龄 ............................................................................14

◎多用数量 ....................................................................15

◎天数 ............................................................................16

03 时间................................................................................18

◎整点 ............................................................................18

◎小时数 ........................................................................19

◎分钟 ............................................................................20

◎秒钟 ............................................................................21

◎时间点 ........................................................................22

04 年、月、日....................................................................23

◎年份 ............................................................................23

◎月份 ............................................................................25

◎日期 ............................................................................26

◎星期 ............................................................................27

◎其他 ............................................................................28

05 节日、季节....................................................................29

◎德国节日 ....................................................................29

◎季节 ............................................................................30

06 食品................................................................................31

◎餐种 ............................................................................31

◎食品 ............................................................................32

◎饮料 ............................................................................34

◎蔬菜 ............................................................................35

◎水果 ............................................................................37

◎味道 ............................................................................38

◎餐具 ............................................................................38

07 颜色................................................................................39

08 交通工具........................................................................40

第二部分 日常生活用语

01 打招呼............................................................................44

◎日常招呼 ....................................................................44

◎第一次见面 ................................................................46

◎自我介绍 ....................................................................49

◎到别人家拜访 ............................................................53

02 告别语............................................................................59

◎日常告别 ....................................................................59

◎探访完病人时 ............................................................60

03 祝贺语............................................................................63

◎日常祝贺语 ................................................................63

◎节日祝贺语 ................................................................65

04 感谢、道歉....................................................................68

◎日常感谢语 ................................................................68

◎接受别人帮助时 ........................................................69

◎道歉与回应 ................................................................70

◎让别人久等时 ............................................................73

05 请求................................................................................74

◎麻烦别人 ....................................................................74

◎请别人等候时 ............................................................78

◎请求对方允许 ............................................................80

06 答复................................................................................82

◎肯定的答复 ................................................................82

◎否定的答复 ................................................................85

07 语言不通........................................................................87

◎听不懂德语时 ............................................................87

◎告诉对方自己不会德语 ............................................89

08 邀请 . 婉拒 . 同意 .........................................................91

◎邀请 ............................................................................91

◎婉拒 ............................................................................94

◎同意 ............................................................................97

09 询问................................................................................97

◎询问语言 ....................................................................97

◎询问地点 ..................................................................100

◎询问人 ......................................................................103

◎询问原因、理由 ......................................................105

10 表达情绪......................................................................107

◎高兴 ..........................................................................107

◎惊讶 ..........................................................................111

◎表达爱意 ..................................................................115

◎喜欢或厌恶 ..............................................................120

◎怀疑 ..........................................................................124

◎失望 ..........................................................................129

◎害怕 ..........................................................................132

◎生气 ..........................................................................135

第三部分 情景应急口语

01 出入境时......................................................................142

◎护照检查 ..................................................................142

◎海关检查 ..................................................................143

02 交通出行......................................................................146

◎问路 ..........................................................................146

◎乘公共汽车 ..............................................................148

◎乘出租车 ..................................................................150

◎搭乘飞机 ..................................................................153

◎搭乘地铁 ..................................................................156

◎交通标志 ..................................................................159

03 电话..............................................................................160

◎找人 ..........................................................................160

◎咨询 ..........................................................................163

◎预约 ..........................................................................165

04 用餐..............................................................................168

◎寻找餐厅 ..................................................................168

◎订位 ..........................................................................171

◎点菜 ..........................................................................174

◎用餐时 ......................................................................177

◎付账 ..........................................................................178

05 住宿..............................................................................180

◎问价、订房 ..............................................................180

◎看房 ..........................................................................185

◎要求服务 ..................................................................188

◎抱怨投诉 ..................................................................190

◎结账退房 ..................................................................193

06 购物..............................................................................196

◎选择商品 ..................................................................196

◎询问价格 ..................................................................201

◎讨价还价 ..................................................................202

◎付款 ..........................................................................204

◎退换货 ......................................................................207

◎买特产 ......................................................................209

07 观光娱乐......................................................................212

◎买门票 ......................................................................212

◎旅游服务中心 ..........................................................214

◎旅游中 ......................................................................217

◎询问景点位置 ..........................................................219

◎去海边 ......................................................................221

◎看电影 ......................................................................223

◎演唱会 ......................................................................225

◎音乐会 ......................................................................228

◎滑雪 ..........................................................................230

◎运动 ..........................................................................232

08 在邮局..........................................................................234

◎寄信或明信片 ..........................................................234

◎寄包裹 ......................................................................238

◎汇款 ..........................................................................241

09 在银行..........................................................................244

◎存/取款 .....................................................................244

◎开户 ..........................................................................247

◎挂失 ..........................................................................250

◎支票 ..........................................................................252

◎兑换货币 ..................................................................255

10 生病受伤......................................................................258

◎寻求帮助 ..................................................................258

◎预约 ..........................................................................260

◎询问检查 ..................................................................262

◎付费取药 ..................................................................266

◎服药 ..........................................................................270

◎药店买药 ..................................................................273

11 遇到麻烦时 ..................................................................276

◎迷路 ..........................................................................276

◎遭小偷 ......................................................................278

◎遗失东西 ..................................................................280

◎呼救 ..........................................................................282

◎在警察局 ..................................................................283

◎交通事故 ..................................................................287

12 商务用语......................................................................289

◎公司部门 ..................................................................289

◎商务咨询 ..................................................................291

◎商务谈判 ..................................................................293

◎签订合同 ..................................................................301

第四部分 附 录

01 德国国情简介..............................................................308

02 德国节日简介..............................................................312

03 德国习俗简介..............................................................314


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